The Early Years
(12 Jul 1921 -
27 Jan 1942)
Army Air Forces
(28 Jan 1942 -
1 Aug 1943)
(2 Aug 1943 -
31 Jul 2006)
(1 Aug 2006 -
Official MOH Citations:
US Air Force
Medal of Honor Society
2nd Lt. Lloyd Herbert "Pete"
(12 Jul 1921 - 1 Aug 1943)
LLOYD H. (Air Mission)
Rank and organization:
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps,
564th Bomber Squadron, 389th Bomber Group, 9th Air Force. Place and date: Ploesti Raid, Rumania, 1 August 1943.
Entered service at: San Antonio, Tex.
Born: 12 July 1921, Alexandria, La. G.O. No.: 17, 26 February 1944. Citation:
For conspicuous gallantry in action and intrepidity at the risk of his life
above and beyond the call of duty. On 1 August 1943, 2d. Lt. Hughes served in the
capacity of pilot of a heavy bombardment aircraft participating in a long and hazardous
minimum-altitude attack against the Axis oil refineries of Ploesti, Rumania, launched
from the northern shores of Africa. Flying in the last formation to attack the target,
he arrived in the target area after previous flights had thoroughly alerted the
enemy defenses. Approaching the target through intense and accurate antiaircraft
fire and dense balloon barrages at dangerously low altitude, his plane received
several direct hits from both large and small caliber antiaircraft guns which seriously
damaged his aircraft, causing sheets of escaping gasoline to stream from the bomb
bay and from the left wing. This damage was inflicted at a time prior to reaching
the target when 2d Lt. Hughes could have made a forced landing in any of the grain
fields readily available at the time. The target area was blazing with burning oil
tanks and damaged refinery installation from which flames leaped high above the
bombing level of the formation. With full knowledge of the consequences of entering
this blazing inferno when his airplane was profusely leaking gasoline in two separate
locations, 2d Lt. Hughes, motivated only by his high conception of duty which called
for the destruction of his assigned target at any cost, did not elect to make a
forced landing or turn back from the attack. Instead, rather than jeopardize the
formation and the success of the attack, he unhesitatingly entered the blazing area
and dropped his bomb load with great precision. After successfully bombing the objective,
his aircraft emerged from the conflagration with the left wing aflame. Only then
did he attempt a force landing, but because of the advanced stage of the fire enveloping
his aircraft the plane crashed and was consumed. By 2d Lt. Hughes' heroic decision
to complete his mission regardless of the consequences in utter disregard of his
own life, and by his gallant and valorous execution of this decision, he has rendered
a service to our country in the defeat of our enemies which will everlastingly be
outstanding in the annals of our Nation's history.
The header of the page is "WORLD WAR II" and includes the page
number of "347."
Handwritten up the side: Copied from book "Congressional Medal
of Honor Winners."
I cannot find a book with the title "World War II" or "Congressional
Medal of Honor Winners."
Other sources use an asterisk (*) in front of the name to
mean the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously. This appears to be the
case for this source.
Source: Personal papers. From Page 347
of World War II or Congressional Medal of Honor Winners, unknown publication,
unknown date. See Notes.
Created: June 07, 2008