WASHINGTON, June 23 (AP). - The recent awarding of the 100th
Congressional Medal of Honor to an infantryman, in a special joint session of
the Senate and House, brought to attention the fact that Texas leads all states
in the number of sons who have been so distinguished.
Eighteen Texans were recipients of the highest tribute that can
be paid a man by his country.
214 Have Been Awarded
The total awards for all services in this war is 214, of whom,
132 recipients are still living. Since the awarding of the 100th medal to an
infantryman in the special ceremonies, at least two others in that branch of
service have been decorated. About half of the infantrymen are still living.
Technically the name of the award is "Medal of Honor," the
designation "Congressional" not being used in formal documents. It is the most
rarely awarded decoration of all, was established by an act of Congress in 1862
and is awarded in the name of Congress.
It is given to an officer or enlisted man of the armed services
who, in actual conflict with an enemy, distinguishes himself conspicuously by
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of his life and above and beyond the call of
duty. There have been rare exceptions to this general rule, as in the case of
Charles A. Lindbergh.
Medal of Honor wearers may - and the may is emphasized - be
saluted by all regardless of their rank, but this is a matter of courtesy only.
The recipients are the only ones entitled to a salute by the person making the
presentation during the ceremonies. The wearer, if an enlisted man, in entitled
to a $2 a month additional pay. He is not privileged to address Congress at his
Sgt. Adams Among 18
The 18 Texans who won the Medal of Honor are:
Staff Sgt. Lucian Adams, Port Arthur; Lt. Col. Robert G. Cole,
San Antonio; 1st Lt. James H. Fields, Fort Worth; 2nd Lt. Thomas W. Fowler,
Wichita Falls; 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Hughes, Corpus Christi; Col. Neel W. Kearby, San
Antonio; Sgt. George D. Keathly, Lamesa; Sgt. James A. Logan, Luling; 1st Lt.
Jack W. Mathis, San Angelo; 2nd Lt. John C. Morgan, Amarillo; 2nd Lt. James L.
Harris, Hillsboro; Lt. Jack Knight, Mineral Wells; 1st Lt. Audie L. Murphy,
Farmersville; Technician 4th Grade Truman Kimbro, Houston; Sgt. Jose M. Lopez,
Brownsville; all of the Army; Sgt. William James Bordelon; San Antonio and 1st
Lt. William Dean Hawkins, El Paso, both in the Marine corps, and Seaman 1C
Johnnie David Hutchins, East Barnard.
Notes: I believe that "James A. Logan" from Luling,
Texas, is James Marion Logan.